Reflections on Jungian

Reflections on Jungian Clinical Practice: 2016 JAP Journal 60th Anniversary Event


To mark this 60th anniversary the Journal will be holding a weekend event here in London (Friday evening to Sunday lunchtime). Unlike our well-established international four day conferences, this event will be non-residential. Nevertheless our loyal supporters from around the world – perhaps especially from the US, Australia, Japan, Russia and of course the rest of Europe – would be most welcome, not least because this event is intended as a celebration of that community of spirit fostered by the Journal of which they are such an important part. For those new to the Journal, and to the vision of analytical psychology which it represents, this would be an ideal introduction.

The plenary presentations will be by invited authors closely associated with the Journal: the programme will be arranged so that each will choose a paper from one of the earlier decades of the Journal’s publication – the 60’s, 70’s & 80’s – that they feel has had a seminal influence. So these will not just be retrospective appreciations but accounts of how the original impetus from that paper continues to inform that presenter’s own clinical practice. The later decades – the 90’s & 2000’s – will be covered in smaller group parallel break-out sessions, though the presentations will follow this same model.  A final plenary on the Sunday morning will address the future of Jungian psychology, taking a recent paper as the starting point.

The speakers include Don Kalsched – the most widely read and regarded of contemporary clinical Jungian authors – who pays tribute to Michael Fordham’s ‘Defences of the Self’, perhaps the most influential of Journal papers. Murray Stein will speak from a Rosemary Gordon paper and our consultant editor, Warren Colman, will consider the future direction of analytical psychology. We also have plenary contributions from Jan Wiener, Angela Connolly, Elizabeth Urban and Brian Feldman, in addition to the usual conference workshops, which include a critical discussion of the Editors’ role from Andrew Samuels. See the Programme page for details.

There will be lots of room in the programme for contributions so those attending are encouraged to read the papers beforehand, though this is entirely optional. In the spirit of an anniversary celebration we have chosen a venue with in-house catering of high quality (the Friday evening reception and Saturday lunch are all included in the conference fee), and we will be getting things underway with a tea party & slice of Journal 60th birthday cake to greet you on arrival at registration. As an optional extra we are also holding a Musical Soiree – lieder, jazz, blues and sea shanties! – at Burgh House, Hampstead, on the Saturday evening.

We are anticipating that this gathering of both established Journal followers and those just interested in exploring further what the Journal has to offer will be a popular and memorable one-off event.
Early booking to secure a place is strongly recommended (please see Booking Form).

4.00pm   Registration and Welcome Tea
5.15pm   Introduction: On our 60th anniversary theme. William Meredith-Owen.
5.30pm   Plenary and discussion: On an influential paper from the 60s:
Angela Connolly and Jan Wiener on Murray Jackson’s (1961)
Chair, couch and countertransference
7.00pm   Reception

9.20 am  Announcements
9.30am   Plenary and discussion: On an influential paper from the 70s:
     Don Kalsched on Michael Fordham’s (1974) Defences of the Self
11.00am  Coffee break
11.30am  Plenary and discussion: On Michael Fordham, the Journal’s Founding Editor
                Elizabeth Urban and Brian Feldman on recollections and assessments of Fordham’s legacy.
1.00pm    Lunch
2.00pm    Parallel Workshops
3.10pm    Plenary and discussion: On an influential paper from the 80s:
Murray Stein On Rosemary Gordon’s (1987)
Masochism: The Shadow Side of the Archetypal Need to Venerate and Worship
4.40pm    Small discussion groups until 5.30pm
7.30pm    Musical soiree and buffet dinner at Burgh House, Hampstead
 (not included in registration fee, details on website – to be booked in advance)

9.20am   Announcements
9.25am   Plenary and discussion: on an influential paper from the 00s
Warren Colman.On George Hogenson’s (2001)
               The Baldwin Effect: A Neglected Influence on C.G. Jung’s Evolutionary Thinking
10.40am   Coffee break
11.00am   Parallel Workshops
12.10pm   Endnote: Susanna Wright
1.00pm     Close


Parallel workshops 1: Saturday 2pm
Marcus West

‘Working in the Borderland – early relational trauma, complex and defences of the self – from Fordham to Knox and beyond’
(‘The relevance of attachment theory to a contemporary Jungian view of the internal world’, Knox 1999, 44, 4, 511-530)

Nathan Field


‘Stumbling towards individuation’




(‘C. G. Jung and the Shaman’s Vision’, Groesbeck 1989, 34, 3, 255–275)


David Sedgwick


‘On integrating Jungian and other theories’




(‘Contemporary psychoanalysis in relation to analytical psychology’, Cambray et al. 2002, 47, 1, 1-83)

Parallel workshops 2:Sunday 11am
Andrew Samuels
‘Editorials: a critical review of the language and imagery of the editorials in Volume 58 (2013) of JAP’ 
John Merchant
‘The image schema and innate archetypes: theoretical and clinical implications’
(‘From archetypes to reflective function’, Knox 2004, 49, 1,1–19)
Susan Schwartz
‘The “as if” casts its shadow over time’(‘Self creation and the limitless void of dissociation: the ‘as if” personality. Solomon 2004. 49. 5. 635-656) 



To access the JAP papers referenced by each of the speakers, follow this link:

We do recommend you read the papers that inspired the workshops you plan to attend.

Parallel workshops I

Marcus West

‘Working in the Borderland – early relational trauma, complex and defences of the self – from Fordham to Knox and beyond’

In this paper, Marcus West will outline Jung’s and Fordham’s contributions to our understanding of borderline psychology and describe how Jean Knox’s paper introduces some key concepts that allow us to develop their understanding further. He will critically assess Fordham’s concept of defences of the self and look at how the perspective of early relational trauma can help us understand the powerful, uncontained, free-floating affects and somatic states that are experienced intensely in the present, as well as the trauma-related dynamics which become constellated and re-enacted in the analytic relationship. He will suggest that an updated understanding of the complex, along the lines that Knox suggests, can help us understand and address these phenomena and provide a safe and effective way of working with borderline states of mind.

Marcus will explore whether these ideas can shed any light on the impasse ‘K’ experienced in his analysis with Fordham (as described in Astor’s 2007 [52, 2, 185-205] JAP paper, ‘Fordham, feeling, and countertransference: reflections on defences of the self’) and will suggest that part of the difficulty is that the analyst inevitably comes to constellate and embody ‘inhuman’ aspects of experience relating to the patient’s early relational trauma.
Nathan Field

‘Stumbling towards individuation’

This workshop addresses two intriguing questions: The first asks how far did Jung fulfil the archetypal role of the healer–one which apparently dates back to the dawn of human society. This question was, in my view, clarified by Groesbek’s JAP paper, ‘Jung and the shaman’s vision’ (1989), which made a profound impression on me and my work. I present his ideas in the first half of the session, while leaving time for participants to briefly discuss Groesbeck’s ideas in small, face-to-face groups.

In the second half of the session I ask: to what extent did Jung’s vision inspire me–and any other willing participants in the workshop–to follow their own path of individuation?
David Sedgwick

‘On integrating Jungian and other theories’

On his way to becoming ‘Jung’ and a Jungian, Jung was a Freudian. Only through, and after that, did he fully become a Jungian. Years later he counselled, I can only hope and wish that no one becomesJungian”. . . I abhor blind adherents”’.

Since its inception, the Journal of Analytical Psychology has provided a forum for theoretical syntheses and comparative psychoanalysis. This theme began with early and ongoing work articulating a Jung-Klein hybrid and threads through integrations of other theoretical models. Former JAP editor Joseph Cambray et al.’s (2002) ‘Contemporary Psychoanalysis in Relation to Analytical Psychology’ was seminal in its invitation to psychoanalysts of mostly non-Jungian orientation to bring their thoughts about Jungian psychology into the Journal directly. In the spirit of those papers and that effort, the present paper explores the processes, subtleties, and ‘eros’ of attempting to integrate other analytic perspectives—and of analytical psychology itself attempting to individuate.
Parallel workshops 2
Andrew Samuels

‘Editorials: a Critical Review of the Language and Imagery of the Editorials in Volume 58 of JAP’

It is often said that the personality and capacities of a head teacher are decisive in the life and standing of a school. Much the same is true of the editor or editors of a journal such as our JAP. In this presentation, Andrew Samuels will survey and evaluate the signed editorials of the five issues of a single volume of the Journal. He has chosen Volume 58 and the time span is February-November 2013. The fact that one of the issues does not carry an editorial will actually form part of the discussion.

The presenter is not so naïve as to protest at lack of editorial neutrality. JAP’s history has sometimes been a polemical one and accusations of editorial bias, mostly verbal but occasionally written, have been levelled over the years.

The discussion will be broadened out to include such themes as: (i) fads and fashions, the question of influence and the ‘bandwagon’ effect; (ii) the role of rhetoric and suasion in the human and social sciences; and (iii) some ideas about how to evaluate the performance of the editors.

The paper will also contain a discussion of the dynamics of submitting a paper to a learned journal, and the entire process of acceptance and rejection.


John Merchant

‘The image schema and innate archetypes: Theoretical and clinical implications’

Based in contemporary neuroscience, Jean Knox in her 2004 paper ‘From archetypes to reflective function’, honed her position on image schemas, thereby introducing a model for archetypes which sees them as ‘reliably repeated, early developmental achievements’ and not as genetically-inherited, innate, psychic structures.

The radical implications of Knox’s model will be overviewed and then the model used to illustrate how the analyst worked with a patient who began life as an unwanted pregnancy, was adopted at birth and who as an adult experienced profound synchronicities, paranormal/telepathic phenomena and visions. Significantly, this person presents as neither delusional nor with gross psychopathology.

The classical approach to such phenomena would see the intense affectivity arising out of a ruptured symbiotic mother-infant relationship constellating certain archetypes which set up the patient’s visions etc.

This view will be contrasted with Knox’s (2004) model which sees the archetype ansich as a developmentally produced image schema, underpinning the emergence of later imagery. The patient’s visions can then be understood to arise from his psychoid body memory related to his traumatic conception and birth. The contemporary neuroscience which supports this view will be presented and the way it informed the clinical approach to the case material.


Susan Schwartz

‘The ‘as if’ casts its shadow over time’

The article by Hester Solomon in 2004 entitled ‘Self creation and the limitless void of dissociation: the “as if” personality’ formulates a clinical theory, uses a composite example and attends to embodied aspects of the transference and countertransference.

The phrase ‘as if’ is characterized by feelings of fraudulence and vulnerability bounded by a wall of impenetrability. The maladaptive responses and dissociations abound even as the person exudes an appealing but elusive manner. The article sensitively speaks to the crisis when the outer accomplishments that shored up the personality are depleted and inner reserves collapse, revealing the void at the centre.

This commentary uses a composite example, the life and poetry of Sylvia Plath and the puella/puer form of narcissism. Their arrested development sets up distance between who one is and who one strives to be.

Hester Solomon’s clinical framework for the ‘as if’ personality illustrates the unconscious call when life can no longer be avoided or hidden with compulsions, perfectionism and ego drive. The misconnection to body, muted instincts, aging denied, spirit dampened, signal feigning for the real. The challenge is to emerge from the shadows, find authenticity of self and intimacy with others.




The use of the armchair in preference to the analytic couch reflects the view that analytical psychologists hold in common about the nature of the analytic process. This is that the analyst is not only a blank screen, armed with a technique and a set of theories, on to which the patient projects the images derived from infancy and childhood. The projection of these images and their identification by patient and analyst is considered to be one theme of analysis, but attention is focused on the way in which these images tend to function under certain conditions. These conditions are considered to be closely related to the analyst’s psychic structure, his attitude, and his motivation. In a successful analysis the patient tends to change quite a lot, and this is thought by analytical psychologists, following Jung, to be related to the fact that the analyst is intimately involved in the process, and is himself changed to some extent during the course of any thorough analysis that he conducts.
Once one begins to think in this way about the situation, it becomes very complex indeed, since evaluation of observations must take into account the analyst’s part in them, and this involves not only his thinking, but the other psychic functions, both conscious and unconscious.


This paper is largely descriptive.  It defines the total defence exhibited by patients in a transference psychosis. The phenomena are close to those often called the negative therapeutic reaction because no progress takes place and everything the analyst says is done away with either by silence, ritualization of the interviews, or by explicit verbal and other attacks direct to nullifying the analytic procedure as a whole.


This paper is essentially speculative. The reactions, behaviour and phantasies of several patients have led me to reflect whether there might be a connection between masochism on the one hand and, on the other, the belief in, worship of, and surrender, to a deity, albeit in its perverted, shadow form.


This paper considers the claim that C.G. Jung used a Lamarckian model of evolution to underwrite his theory of archetypes. This claim is challenged on the basis of Jung’s familiarity with and use of the writings of James Mark Baldwin and Conway Lloyd Morgan, both of whom were noted and forceful opponents of neo-Lamarckian theory from within a neo-Darwinian framework.  The paper then outlines the evolutionary model proposed by Baldwin and Lloyd Morgan, which has come to be known as Baldwinian evolution or the Baldwin effect.  This model explicitly views psychological factors as central to the evolutionary process.  Finally, the use of Baldwinian thinking in contemporary theorizing regarding language and other symbolic systems is reviewed and suggestions are made regarding the implications of Baldwinian models for theory building in analytical psychology.

Full papers are available at

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